Novosibirsk is the capital of Siberia, a city on the banks of Ob, the longest river in Russia. The fastest growing Russian city has a population of 1.6 million. The famous Trans-Siberian Railway passes through Novosibirsk, where science and culture are developed through the world-famous Akademgorodok and State Theatre of Opera and Ballet.
Novosibirsk is located at a distance of more than 3,500 km from Moscow, with a time difference of +3 hours from the Russian capital. Tolmachevo airport connects Novosibirsk with more than 100 cities. The Tomich and Novokuznetsk trains, as well as long-distance trains from the south, north-west and east of the country arrive at the Novosibirsk railway station.
History and landmarks
The city was founded in 1893 as a settlement for the builders of a railway bridge across the Ob. The bridge was part of the Trans-Siberian Railway and traffic on it was opened within three years of the start of construction. The settlement was named Alexandrovsky, in honour of the Emperor Alexander III, and with the accession to the throne of the new king it was renamed Novonikolayevsk. Gradually, the city developed from a chaotically built settlement into a comfortable one, hosting branches of the largest Russian and Russian-Asian banks, plus the main Siberian office of the American International Company of Harvesting Machines. Provincial structures were transferred to Novonikolayevsk, while embassies of Germany, Japan, and China were opened. In 1925 the city received its modern name of Novosibirsk.
Novosibirsk today is the largest city in Siberia, located at the intersection of two climatic zones, forest and forest-steppe. Residents and guests have long been unafraid of the differences in temperature with the range between the absolute minimum and the absolute maximum at almost 88 degrees. Novosibirsk is home to one of Russia's largest zoos, as well as the Botanical Garden with an attractive abundance of flora.
The city on the Ob is a point of attraction for culture, science and business from the Urals to the Far East. With 1.6 million inhabitants, Novosibirsk is the third largest in Russia in terms of population and is recognized as the fastest growing city with a population of one million or more.
Not without reason Novosibirsk is one of the most important scientific and educational centres of the country. In 1957, Akademgorodok was founded here, known not only in Russia, but also in the world. There are now 35 scientific institutes, with eight more part of the department of the Academy of Medical Sciences. Akademgorodok stands on the bank of the Novosibirsk reservoir, or, as the locals call it, the Ob Sea. The area of Akademgorodok serves not only as a place for people to learn sciences, but also as a recreation location.
The residents are especially proud of the country's largest Opera and Ballet Theatre. The State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre is known as the Siberian Colosseum. The Moscow Bolshoi Theatre can fit under just one of its domes. The architectural complex has the status of a cultural heritage site of Russia, and the theatre troupe is a permanent participant in international and Russian festivals and projects.
Novosibirsk is a city of high sporting achievements. In any season and in any weather, Siberians love to play sports. Siberian hockey and volleyball players play in the top divisions of the country, and in the vicinity of Novosibirsk are numerous opportunities for practicing mountain skiing.
Amateur volleyball is attractive not only for its mass character, but also for its quality achievements. The Coastal Volleyball League is one of the largest amateur associations in the sport, bringing together 124 teams from 15 cities in six Siberian regions and gathering more than 1000 participants at each rating tournament.
The uniqueness of Novosibirsk as a volleyball city can be explained by the combination of the success of professional and amateur sports. The world volleyball community knows Lokomotiv Novosibirsk, with a history dating to the team which competed in the USSR championships. Lokomotiv are champions of the Parimatch Superleague (2020), winners of the European Champions League (2013) and silver medallists of the FIVB Volleyball Men's Club World Championship (2013).